78th Academy Awards
78th Academy Awards ceremony poster
Date Sunday, March 5, 2006
Site Kodak Theatre
Hollywood, CA
Host Jon Stewart
Best Picture Crash
Most wins Brokeback Mountain, Crash, King Kong, Memoirs of a Geisha (3)
Most nominations Brokeback Mountain (8)
 < 77th Academy Awards 79th

The 78th Academy Awards honored the best films of 2005 and were held on March 5, 2006, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, California. They were hosted by "The Daily Show" host Jon Stewart, with Tom Kane making his first appearance as the show's announcer. The ceremony was pushed back from its newly established February date because of the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy.

The nominees were announced on January 31 at 5:38 a.m. PST (13:38 UTC) by Academy president Sid Ganis and actress Mira Sorvino, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in the Academy's Beverly Hills headquarters.

Ang Lee's drama Brokeback Mountain had the most nominations of the year's films, receiving eight. Paul Haggis' Crash, George Clooney's Good Night, and Good Luck., and Memoirs of a Geisha each received six nominations. The ceremony was remembered by many insiders and film critics for its nominations of independently financed, low budget films. In addition, the subject matter of the nominated films focused on controversial political and social themes, such as racial relations and racism (Crash), homosexuality (Brokeback Mountain, Capote), transsexuality (Transamerica), McCarthyism (Good Night, and Good Luck.), anti-semitism and terrorism (Munich, Syriana).

This year has become particularly noted for its major upset at the climax of the ceremony. Following a streak of numerous awards, Brokeback Mountain was heavily favored to win the Best Picture category, but lost to Crash, a film that, although publicly and critically acclaimed, had collected fewer previous awards throughout the season. Both films wrapped the ceremony with three Oscars each. There was also some minor controversy regarding the nomination of Paradise Now, as Best Foreign Language Film.

Best Actor

See also: Best Actor

Philip Seymour Hoffman for Capote
Terrence Howard for Hustle & Flow
Heath Ledger for Brokeback Mountain
Joaquin Phoenix for Walk the Line
David Strathairn for Good Night, and Good Luck.

Best Supporting Actor

See also: Best Supporting Actor

George Clooney for Syriana
Matt Dillon for Crash
Paul Giamatti for Cinderella Man
Jake Gyllenhaal for Brokeback Mountain
William Hurt for A History of Violence

Best Actress

See also: Best Actress

Reese Witherspoon for Walk the Line
Judi Dench for Mrs. Henderson Presents
Felicity Huffman for Transamerica
Keira Knightley for Pride & Prejudice (2005)
Charlize Theron for North Country

Best Supporting Actress

See also: Best Supporting Actress

Rachel Weisz for The Constant Gardener
Amy Adams for Junebug
Catherine Keener for Capote
Frances McDormand for North Country
Michelle Williams for Brokeback Mountain

Best Animated Feature

See also: Best Animated Feature

Wallace & Gromit in The Curse of the Were-RabbitNick Park, Steve Box
Howl's Moving CastleHayao Miyazaki
Tim Burton's Corpse BrideMike Johnson, Tim Burton

Best Art Direction

See also: Best Art Direction

Memoirs of a GeishaJohn Myhre, Gretchen Rau
Good Night, and Good Luck.Jim Bissell, Jan Pascale
Harry Potter and the Goblet of FireStuart Craig, Stephenie McMillan
King KongGrant Major, Dan Hennah, Simon Bright
Pride & Prejudice (2005)Sarah Greenwood, Katie Spencer

Best Cinematography

See also: Best Cinematography

Memoirs of a GeishaDion Beebe
Batman BeginsWally Pfister
Brokeback MountainRodrigo Prieto
Good Night, and Good Luck.Robert Elswit
The New WorldEmmanuel Lubezki

Best Costume Design

See also: Best Costume Design

Memoirs of a GeishaColleen Atwood
Charlie and the Chocolate FactoryGabriella Pescucci
Mrs. Henderson PresentsSandy Powell
Pride & Prejudice (2005)Jacqueline Durran
Walk the LineArianne Phillips

Best Director

See also: Best Director

Brokeback MountainAng Lee
CapoteBennett Miller
CrashPaul Haggis
Good Night, and Good Luck.George Clooney
MunichSteven Spielberg

Best Documentary Feature

See also: Best Documentary Feature

March of the PenguinsLuc Jacquet, Yves Darondeau
Darwin's NightmareHubert Sauper
Enron: The Smartest Guys in the RoomAlex Gibney, Jason Kliot
MurderballHenry Alex Rubin, Dana Adam Shapiro
Street FightMarshall Curry

Best Documentary Short

See also: Best Documentary Short

A Note of Triumph: The Golden Age of Norman CorwinCorinne Marrinan, Eric Simonson
The Death of Kevin Carter: Casualty of the Bang Bang ClubDan Krauss
God Sleeps in RwandaKimberlee Acquaro, Stacy Sherman
The Mushroom ClubSteven Okazaki

Best Film Editing

See also: Best Film Editing

CrashHughes Winborne
Cinderella ManMike Hill, Dan Hanley
The Constant GardenerClaire Simpson
MunichMichael Kahn
Walk the LineMichael McCusker

Best Foreign Language Film

See also: Best Foreign Language Film

Tsotsi from South AfricaGavin Hood
Don't Tell from ItalyCristina Comencini
Joyeux Noël from FranceChristian Carion
Paradise Now from PalestineHany Abu-Assad
Sophie Scholl - The Final Days from GermanyMarc Rothemund

Best Makeup

See also: Best Makeup

The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the WardrobeHoward Berger, Tami Lane
Cinderella ManDavid Leroy Anderson, Lance Anderson
Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the SithDave Elsey, Nikki Gooley

Best Original Score

See also: Best Original Score

Brokeback MountainGustavo Santaolalla
The Constant GardenerAlberto Iglesias
Memoirs of a GeishaJohn Williams
MunichJohn Williams
Pride & Prejudice (2005)Dario Marianelli

Best Original Song

See also: Best Original Song

"It's Hard Out Here For a Pimp" from Hustle & FlowJordan Houston, Cedric Coleman, Paul Beauregard
"In the Deep" from CrashKathleen "Bird" York, Michael Becker
'"Travelin' Thru" from TransamericaDolly Parton

Best Picture

See also: Best Picture

CrashPaul Haggis, Cathy Schulman
Brokeback MountainDiana Ossana, James Schamus
CapoteCaroline Baron, William Vince, Michael Ohoven
Good Night, and Good Luck.Grant Heslov
MunichKathleen Kennedy, Steven Spielberg, Barry Mendel

Best Animated Short

See also: Best Animated Short

The Moon and the Son: An Imagined ConversationJohn Canemaker, Peggy Stern
BadgeredSharon Colman
The Mysterious Geographic Explorations of Jasper MorelloAnthony Lucas
9Shane Acker
One Man BandAndrew Jimenez, Mark Andrews

Best Live Action Short

See also: Best Live Action Short

Six ShooterMartin McDonagh
Ausreisser (The Runaway)Ulrike Grote
CashbackSean Ellis, Lene Bausager
The Last FarmRúnar Rúnarsson, Thor S. Sigurjónsson
Our Time Is UpRob Pearlstein, Pia Clemente

Best Sound Editing

See also: Best Sound Editing

King KongMike Hopkins, Ethan Van der Ryn
Memoirs of a GeishaWylie Stateman
War of the Worlds (2005)Richard King

Best Sound Mixing

See also: Best Sound Mixing

King KongChristopher Boyes, Michael Semanick, Michael Hedges, Hammond Peek
The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the WardrobeTerry Porter, Dean A. Zupancic, Tony Johnson
Memoirs of a GeishaKevin O'Connell, Greg P. Russell, Rick Kline, John Pritchett
Walk the LinePaul Massey, D.M. Hemphill, Peter F. Kurland
War of the Worlds (2005)Andy Nelson, Anna Behlmer, Ron Judkins

Best Visual Effects

See also: Best Visual Effects

King KongJoe Letteri, Brian Van’t Hul, Christian Rivers, Richard Taylor
The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the WardrobeDean Wright, Bill Westenhofer, Jim Berney, Scott Farrar
War of the Worlds (2005)Dennis Muren, Pablo Helman, Randal M. Dutra, Daniel Sudick

Best Adapted Screenplay

See also: Best Adapted Screenplay

Brokeback MountainLarry McMurtry, Diana Ossana
CapoteDan Futterman
The Constant GardenerJeffrey Caine
A History of ViolenceJosh Olson
MunichTony Kushner, Eric Roth

Best Original Screenplay

See also: Best Original Screenplay

CrashPaul Haggis, Bobby Moresco
Good Night, and Good Luck.George Clooney, Grant Heslov
Match PointWoody Allen
The Squid and the WhaleNoah Baumbach
SyrianaStephen Gaghan

Honorary Award

Robert Altman "in recognition of a career that has repeatedly reinvented the art form and inspired filmmakers and audiences alike."

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